Gavi aims to focus its support on the world’s poorest countries with national incomes determining eligibility.
Countries are eligible to apply for Gavi support when their Gross National Income (GNI) per capita is below or equal to US$ 1,580 on average over the past three years (according to World Bank data published every year on 1 July).
Each type of Gavi support has certain conditions countries have to fulfil in order to be eligible to apply. Country applications are reviewed by an independent group of experts in routine immunisation, health system strengthening, epidemiology and disease control, cold chain and logistics, financial and budget analysis, and gender and equity.
Countries whose average GNI per capita over the previous three years crosses the Gavi eligibility threshold enter the accelerated transition phase and start phasing out of Gavi support. Based on the Gavi Board decision in November 2013, Gavi’s policy for countries in transition have been adjusted to allow the following:
Countries entering the accelerated transition phase will have one additional year (“grace year”) to apply for new vaccine support.
Countries in the accelerated transition phase with DTP3 (three doses of diphtheriatetanus-pertussis vaccine) coverage below 90% (WHO/UNICEF estimates for the previous year) are entitled to apply for health system strengthening support for the duration of the accelerated transition phase.
*In the event that a Gavi-eligible country is in protracted arrears with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Gavi will not use funds generated by IFFIm to support this country’s immunisation programmes. More information on IMF protracted arrears can be found on the IMF website.
** Gavi does not use funds generated by IFFIm to support this country’s immunisation programmes.